Medical Malpractice and Statute of Limitations

The statute of limitations with respect to medical malpractice cases can be complex and difficult to calculate. Not only do the laws differ from state to state, time limitations change according to type of injury and whether the claim involves a governmental entity. There can also be various exceptions according to the age of the plaintiff.

The statute of limitations is defined as, -an enactment in a common law legal system that sets the maximum time after an event that legal proceedings based on that event may be initiated.- In other words, the time period between when the injury or wrongful death happened until the final date when a medical malpractice attorney can file the suit.

Always obtain a legal consultation with a personal injury attorney who specializes in medical malpractice law as soon as you suspect you may have a case. If the statute of limitations expires before your medical malpractice suit is filed, the case can be dismissed. If this happens you will have no recourse or means to sue for current injuries or even for future problems that may result for the remainder of your life.

The period of time during which a medical malpractice suit must be filed usually begins with the date of harm. This becomes day one. However, sometimes the injury does not become apparent for days, weeks, months or even years after it happened. In such situations, the statute of limitations could begin running the day the injury was discovered.

For medical malpractice lawsuits brought against health care providers in California, the statute of limitations is filed within three years after the date of the injury, or -one year after the plaintiff discovers, or should have discovered, the injury, whichever occurs first.-

There are exceptions to this rule, the first regarding claims based on a foreign object left inside the injured person’s body (such as surgical scissors or gauze) In these cases the statute of limitations day one begins when the person discovers, or should have discovered, the foreign object. Another exception addresses cases involving minor children under the age of six. For a minor under six, the case must be filed within three years of the date of injury or before the child’s eighth birthday, whichever is the longer amount of time.

R. Klettke is a freelance writer. He writes about personal injury and medical malpractice law and other matters of jurisprudence.

Note: This article is not intended to provide legal advice upon which you should rely in making any decisions regarding the instituting or prosecuting of a legal claim. Laws and rules relating to the bringing of a claim vary widely from state to state. You should always contact a personal injury attorney to obtain information as to the rules and the laws pertaining to any claim you might have.

Dental Care In India – A Boost For Medical Tourism

India is considered to be the ideal destination for dentalpractises and dental surgery. Owing to the presence of state of the art facilities, hi tech dental equipments and excellent dentists in India, people have been flocking in from all corners of the globe. Dental Care in India is considered to be far more affordable than those in many countries.

Dental hospitals in India, mainly located in some of the metropolitan cities of the country provide dental treatments that are on par with the international standards. Some of the popular hospitals are located in Chennai, Mumbai, Bangalore, Delhi and Hyderabad. Mumbai is known worldwide for the dental services provided with quality standards and is believed to have seen the best dental surgeons perform successful dental surgery in India. Dentist in Andheri West and dentists in Malad are very much in demand for a lot of patients from foreign countries. This has been one of the most important reasons that led to the development of medical tourism in India. Dentistry in India is a field that is too vast to be described. India is a country that offers quality dental surgery and affordable dental treatments to those who are in need. The usage of specially designed equipments that are latest in the dental field and the highly qualified dentists is the reason why people put their complete trust on such professionals.

The dental surgery and treatment centres in India have the best infrastructure. Dental surgeries such as dental restoration surgeries cost a fortune in other countries. Indian dental hospitals are appreciated for the innumerable success surgeries undertaken in this field. Apart from the surgical procedures, the additional clinical care required for all patients is given prime importance in India. The excellent hospitality of the hospital staff and extra ordinary assistance provided by the medical tourism department in India gives more assistance to international patients.

India is proud to have the best group of experienced doctors who have specialization in various streams in the medical field. The astonishing rise in medical expenses for health care has proved to play a crucial role in the change of decisions with regard to place of treatment. International patients are making use of opportunity to visit India for medical treatment especially those concerning oral health. India has the privilege of being ranked as one of the top countries offering standard medical treatments to patients. With considerable amount of contribution from dental hospitals in Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore and other major cities, medical tourism in India is set to reach great heights.

Pulpal Therapy for Primary and Young Teeth

The pulp is the hollow inner core of the tooth that contains nerves, blood vessels, connective tissue and reparative cells (see Figure 1). In children, dental caries (cavities) and traumatic injury are the two main indications for pulpal therapy (also known as -paediatric root canal,- -pulpotomy- or -pulpectomy-). The primary objective of pulpal therapy is to maintain the integrity and health of the teeth and supporting tissues; thus, its treatment objective is to maintain the vitality of the pulp of a tooth affected by caries or traumatic injury.

In young permanent teeth with immature roots, the pulp is important for the continuation of apexogenesis (the continuation of the closure of the tip of the root, or apex, as the child gets older). Long-term retention of a permanent tooth requires a root with a favourable crown/root ratio and dentinal walls that are thick enough to withstand normal function. Therefore, pulp preservation is the primary goal for the treatment of young permanent dentition. A tooth without a vital pulp, however, can still remain clinically functional.

The vitality of the pulp is the most important focus of a dental examination and check-up because it is the basis of the indications, objectives and type of pulpal therapy that will be used. The pulp may be classified as normal (i.e., symptom free and with normal response to vitality testing), with reversible pulpitis (i.e., the pulp is capable of healing), with symptomatic or asymptomatic irreversible pulpitis (i.e., vital inflamed pulp is incapable of healing), or necrotic pulp.

The clinical diagnosis is derived from a comprehensive review of the medical and dental history, including current symptoms and chief complaint; subjective evaluation of the area associated with the current symptoms/chief complaint, which is accomplished by questioning the child and parent(s) on the location, intensity, duration, stimulus, relief and spontaneity of pain;

objective extraoral examination and intraoral soft and hard tissue examination; radiograph(s) to diagnose pulpitis or necrosis showing the involved tooth, furcation, periapical area and the surrounding bone; and clinical tests such as palpation, percussion and mobility.

A treatment plan should include the following:

1. The patient’s medical history

2. The value of each involved tooth in relation to the child’s overall development

3. Alternatives to pulp treatment

4. Restorability of the tooth.

For more information please visit: e-deneducation Dental Courses

Karen McDonagh is a proud contributing author and writes articles on several subjects including Dental Courses. She is passionate for Dental Education Professional and always looking for better ways to educate people.

Occupational Therapy to Improve Improper Pencil Grip in Children

There are a number of developmental, cognitive and intellectual aberrations that may present with difficulties in learning capabilities and school performance. Healthcare providers suggest early identification and appropriate management or training can lead to absolutely normal or near normal development in children that does not interfere with personal, social and occupational aspects of life in adulthood.

Improper pencil grip is the leading cause of poor handwriting as a result of impaired motor skills. It has been observed that development of pencil grip and good hand-writing is an automatic reflex that develops during the early years of schooling; however, in some children this reflex is significantly impaired. There are a number of parameters that are used by educators and teachers to determine the hand-writing and pencil grip in school- aged children as young as 9 to 10 years. The parameters like use of appropriate spacing between letters and words, accuracy of letter formation, legibility, letter size uniformity, letter slant, and alignment of words on the sheet are used as important tool in the assessment of improper pencil grip in children.

Research conducted by Carter and Synolds suggested that the majority of the children with handwriting abnormalities develop symptoms of learning disabilities in coming years.

Colleen M. Schneck conducted a research study on 60 school-aged children to assess the handwriting skills in accordance with the pencil grip and identified that the children who presented with poor handwriting also performed poorly at pencil gripping test (drawing tasks) and also manifested symptoms of impaired proprioceptive-kinesthetic awareness (impaired hand preference and perception of pencil and paper and distance of pencil from paper).

Research conducted by Benbow suggests that the position of head and distance of the writing surface from eyes plays a very important role in the development of improper grip. He explained that if the actual cause is not identified at an early age, the chances are high that the developmental disabilities or learning deficits may go unnoticed or misdiagnosed, affecting the entire life of the child. Benbow coined the term somesthetic feedback that is a form of visual compensation as the distance between the eyes and writing surface is very little, leading to fatigued visual input.

Research conducted by Laszlo and Bairstow suggested that children are unable to master their writing skills and proprioceptive-kinesthetic ability (the response of joints to the movements performed by fingers) until at least 6 years of age; but various simple tasks can help in early determination of impaired writing skills. For example an inability to color within boundaries or the inability to build blocks suggests a sluggish proprioceptive-kinesthetic capacity.

Laszlo suggests that assessment of such children in second standard is very helpful in reaching to a diagnosis to establish if the child needs therapy or mere lifestyle modification is enough. Occupational therapy is helpful in all such children as the trained therapists can identify and diagnose improper pencil grip reflex earlier than the healthcare providers and advise therapies for treatment.

The Benefits Of Medical Marijuana For Alzheimer’s Disease

Recent medical research suggests that the use of medical marijuana could play a significant role in reducing the progression of the dreaded Alzheimer’s disease. Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC that is its primary ingredient reduces and prevents the formation of neural protein deposits deep within the brain. These deposits are primarily responsible for this degenerative neural condition. Medical cannabis that is supplied supplied by medical marijuana dispensaries control the formation of these protein deposits or sticky amyloid plaques that result in neuronal damage, inhibits memory and cognition, cause severe loss of memory, and lead to confusion, irritability, mood swings, spatial disorientation, and speech problems.

The progressive and fatal Alzheimer’s disease destroys brain cells, which results in loss of memory, dementia, and disturbed motor skills along with diminished intellect and social skills. Alzheimer’s disease is among the top ten causes of death in the elderly in the United States. Research indicates that medical cannabis represents an effective drug treatment for Alzheimer’s disease and some of its symptoms.

While Medical Marijuana (MMJ) is legal in some cities of the United States, it is mandatory that all MMJ card holders obtain Medical Cannabis at legal the dispensary. A MMJ dispensary can also guide a patient in the process of obtaining their medical marijuana card.

Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative condition that is marked by a continuous decline in memory and intellectual facility. It is incurable and terminal and usually affects people over 65 years of age. MMJ reduces the production of the neural enzyme acetylcholinesterase that triggers the formation of harmful protein deposits in the brain and lowers the level of the important neurotransmitter called acetylcholine.

While alcohol, heroin, cocaine and nicotine suppress and inhibit the growth of new brain cells, recent clinical studies by the San Diego based Scripps Research shows that marijuana promotes the growth of neurons. It is this property that strongly supports its medicinal use along with controlled and monitored distribution through various medical marijuana dispensaries.

There are a number of prescription drugs too that are known to stifle the growth of new brain cells. Apart from doing exactly the opposite, medical cannabis from the dispensaries decreases the growth of tumors and inflammation in clinical trials conducted on nearly 50% of patients afflicted with lung cancer. Patients find immense relief from their symptoms of Alzheimer’s through a licensed dispensary that supplies them with optimal doses of Medical Marijuana to cope with their symptoms.

Indianapolis Migraine Treatment-Envisaging Medical Precedents

Medical treatments can be as varied as medical tools. Tools and treatments form a mutually exclusive entity in this domain. Migraines are chronic headache ailments which can potentially deter you from leading a peaceful or normal life. The Indianapolis migraine treatment entails a plethora of presaging medical analysis before hitting the penultimate treatment zone. Medical observations as well as cross-examinations form an important aspect of this part. Comprehending the ambit of neurology, the diagnosis thrives on a detailed assessment of symptoms. A migraine doctor can perform diagnostic tests to ascertain/determine the primary cause of your headache.

How things work in this sphere?

The contextual tests entail Head MRI scan, CT scan, sinus x-rays as well as lumbar puncture. The migraine treatment in the context can also include a temporal/transient artery biopsy depending on definite medical conditions. CT scan integrates an imaging mechanism (computed tomography), which is certainly more sensitive when compared to x-rays. The technician can see both soft tissues as well as bones clearly with the help of this technology. This cohesive technique provides vivid images of the veins, brain, arteries as well as hemorrhages. It also unveils tumors with or without any injection of allocated or contrasting dye.

The MRI scan technology is another ground breaking venture in the field of neurological science. MRI means magnetic resonance imaging. This is a comparatively newer technology which elucidates images inside the body sans any use of x-rays or auxiliary forms of ionizing radiation. This MRI scan is really capable of entailing fine details of various tissues present in the human body. With modern precedents enumerating and enlivening the ambit of neurological treatment, MRI is speedily increasing in the face of reduction of standard x-ray usage. Besides this superlative diagnostic procedure, you also have conventional x-ray modules. The electromagnetic radiation can penetrate your body to effectuate an image on specific film.

Functional feasibility

Despite all the dynamic medical advancements, many patients passively endure the migraine agony. The primary reason is that they wrongly think that they can do little to stop this plight. To make matters worse, some patients unwittingly accentuate/aggravate their condition by consuming different prescription and over-the-counter pain relievers. These constitute heavy caffeine. The indianapolis migraine treatment helps you comprehensively in this regard. The trained surgeons give productive non-drug strategies too. These are stress reduction techniques, exercises as well as effective relaxation methods. Since life is not merely about existing but living as well, you can’t afford to neglect any medical issue. Being self-taught doctors is not safe and the cohesive indianapolis migraine treatment shows you why.

Reading the reviews provided by the author is one of the best ways to gain necessary information on indianapolis tinnitus treatment.

Treating Insomnia With Music Therapy

What is insomnia? Insomnia is a condition where people have trouble falling asleep, staying asleep or having a restful night sleep. Often times people who suffer from insomnia will turn to sleeping pills to get relief. Sleeping pills is a bad idea, because it will just create more problems.

What is the problem with sleeping pills? Pills are a bad idea because most sleeping pills are addictive, and basically are just a mask to what the real problem is. It also causes problems when you interact with other medications or alcohol, which can be very serious or even deadly. People who are prescribed medication are usually supposed to be on them for a few days to a few weeks only, but because they can be addictive people tend to take them longer. Pills can also cause high blood pressure, dizziness, nausea, confusion. It also can cause bizarre behavior such as sleep walking, sleep binge eating and sleep driving, in which the person will not remember.

Why it is so important to get a good night sleep? Sleep is necessary to maintain good physical and mental health. Sleep helps you to restore your body and mind, to help with memory and learning, also to help you be in a better mood. When you are sleep deprived, your body is more prone to infections, diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease. Also when you are sleep deprived it can effect your job performance, such as forgetfulness or making mistakes, which can cause you to lose your job. So it is very important to get a good 7-8 hours of sleep if you are an adult, and more than 8 hours if you are younger.

How do you treat insomnia with music therapy? Insomnia is usually caused by your attitude or behavior, if you can change your attitude or behavior this may change your sleep disorder. Your mind plays a big part of all this. That is how music therapy can help. Music therapy uses binaural beats to stimulate your brain to a high level of relaxation, like a meditated state, to help you fall asleep and stay asleep. Binaural beats is music set to certain frequencies to stimulate a certain part of your brain that allows you to get some sleep. When listening to music therapy, use headphones to get the best results. The music is soft relaxing music, that has sounds of nature like waterfalls, birds, the ocean ect. When buying music therapy cds or tapes make sure that it contains binaural beats, because they sell fake ones, that claim to do the same, but do not compare, so be aware. If you have any questions on music therapy or binaural beats see link bellow.

Laser Therapy Can Relieve The Symptoms Of Neuropathy

Neuropathy, a disease of one or more peripheral nerves in the body, is not very common but does affect thousands of people in the United States alone. There are different causes of the neuropathy disease, including diabetes as one of the most common, but regardless of the actual cause, the disease occurs when certain nerves in the body are damaged. When a person has the disease, they typically experience pain and numbness in the associated area, most commonly the hands and feet. Neuropathy can be an extremely uncomfortable and painful disease, and those dealing with it must find a treatment to offer relief of their pain and discomfort.

Fortunately, there are different treatments available, including the laser treatment for neuropathy. The low light laser therapy works because it bypasses the blood stream, and helps deliver healing to the ailing body in a few different ways. The treatment uses bio-available energy through intact skin and jump-starts the healing process in the body. The laser therapy also works in a second way, by sending radiant infrared energy deep in the walls of the blood vessels. By opening up the electrical pathways in the body, nerve cells are able to be repaired and the patient gets relief of their pain as a result.

By going to a professional company and getting the therapy you want, you can get relief of your symptoms and live a healthier, more normal life. The laser therapy for neuropathy may be all you need to deal with those uncomfortable, often extremely painful symptoms caused by your disease and get back to your regular life. People living with this condition should realize there is hope and that there are treatments, which work. Even if you have tried other methods to no avail, the laser treatment is an ideal option and definitely worth a try.

Laughter Therapy A Natural Way To Cure Yourself

There are no two opinions that the laughter is healthy for the body and mind. The laugher therapy is a process in which laughter is used as therapeutic tool to heal human body and emotions. Laughter is an expression of happiness that gives people ceaseless enjoyment and produces humor. The Laughter therapy not only attracts others to the people who laughs openly but also strengthens relationships and helps people to resolve their inner conflicts. There are several advantages of using this laughter process which include health, mental and social benefits through which people can get rid of their stress and feel rejuvenated.

Health advantages: The first and the foremost advantage that we can get from the Laughter therapy is the relief from stress. It is a stress-busting technique that relieves stress and ensures safety from all heart and blood pressure related diseases and problems. Lung capacity and oxygen levels in the blood can be improved through the proper use of the therapy. The therapy helps in the production of bodys natural pain killer hormones like cortisol, epinephrine and endorphins to reduce and the intensity of arthritic pain and muscular spasms. There are evidences that the therapy helps to cure insomnia, migraines, allergies and ulcers. The therapy is also useful in reducing heart rate and stimulating appetite and digestion.

Mental advantages: The Laughter therapy puts wide-ranging effects on us psychologically and physiologically and gives us quick relief from stress. It not only develops your inner and outer personality but also enhances your leadership qualities. Laughter is a panacea that affects mood directly and keeps all negative emotions away from us. Neurologists suggest that one minute of laughter can give the body upto 45 minutes of therapeutic relaxation. It is said that a person who laughs openly copes with odd situations well.

Social advantages: Researches conducted by scientists show that the Laughter therapy improves interpersonal relationship and resolves conflicts between people. When a tense person meets a person who uses to laugh while meeting people, he founds himself in a state of happiness and takes things lightly. It is admitted that people with a strong sense of humor are less affected by the negative effects of stress.

To know more about laughter yoga, yoga of laughter, laughter therapy and laughing yoga, log on to the Internet and find several web sites that offer detailed and in-depth information on the positive effects of the laughter on the health and mind of humans.

Should Parents Provide Aba Therapy

If you have a child who has been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, finding the best possible way to treat them can be difficult. Many parents find themselves in a position where they cannot afford to hire special therapists and doctors, and many insurance companies do not pay for treatments for autism. To make the situation worse, many schools do not offer special therapy or classes, instead forcing autistic children into normal classrooms or into the special education classes, where they will not receive the same level of education as their peers. The good news is that there is a better solution.

ABA therapy has long been recognized as the most effective treatment for autism, and there is significant evidence that it can help to reduce symptoms and help many children learn to live a life much more similar to their peers. For parents who cannot afford specialty treatment, is it worthwhile to provide the therapy at home? Absolutely. ABA training courses are available through DVDs, and they can be amazingly effective. These programs include everything needed to provide your child with ABA therapy as well as the training that parents need to offer it properly.

Offering your child ABA therapy at any age can be very effective, and when offered at a very early age, it offers your child the best chance to be able to interact with their peers. Many children who undergo intensive ABA therapy starting near the time of initial diagnosis often make significant enough improvement that they are able to enter into a standard classroom and perform on par with their peers. These children are incredibly bright, and ABA therapy helps to unlock the potential that they hold within themselves. That is why it is such an essential part of autism treatment.

ABA therapy also offers long term benefits that simply cannot be ignored. Kids with autism spectrum disorder who receive ABA are often able to carry on incredibly successful and normal lives, with functional and healthy relationships and great careers. Many people experience a significant enough reduction in symptoms that most people will never guess that they suffer from autism spectrum disorder. As parents, we want to give the very best to our children. ABA therapy is the best way for parents of autistic children to do this. With such an excellent solution available, parents finally have a way to provide a better education even if insurance and finances wont provide the funding needed to hire a professional.